What exactly is a carbohydrate?
A carb is essentially the term used to describe the classification of foods that provide the human body with energy. Energy comes from glucose, which is broken down from glycogen or starch. The human body stores glucose in the form of glycogen (stored in the liver and muscles), and plant cells store glucose in the form of starches.
You’ve probably heard of a simple carb and a complex carb, the difference being it’s chemical structure. A simple carb is essentially a sugar, and a complex carb is essentially starches and fibers.
Carbohydrates sources you WANT to have in your diet and supply most of the energy in healthy diet:
- Contains Gluten: Oats & oatmeal, barley, bulgur, couscous, kamut, rye, spelt, wheat
- Gluten Free: brown rice, buckwheat, amaranth, cornmeal (organic), quinoa, wild rice.
4. Legmes/Beans: There is such a wide variety!
- Black (aka turtle)
- Black-eyed peas
- Chickpeas (aka garbanzos)
- Great Northern
- Lima Beans
- Split Peas
Why do you want these carbohydrate sources to supply most of your energy? Because carbs contain glucose, the fuel you need to do just about every activity you do on a daily – from walking to reading/writing, studying, cooking, exercising, etc.